New research suggests young women might not want to “have it all” – unless the men help.
A study found that how female college students see their future professional lives depends on what those women think men will do – or not do – to help with the kids.
This could represent a sad surrender to a system that has done little to support working women. Or it could be the early warning sign of an earthquake that will bring down the House of Gender Stereotypes.
Researchers at the University of Arizona and the University of British Columbia wanted to find out how a young woman’s vision of her future was impacted by her perception of men’s roles in society.
They created two sets of questions and picked two groups of female college students, aged 18 to 25, all of whom said they someday planned to marry and have children.
Both groups saw the same official data on things like diet, smoking rates and other trends.
But each group saw a different graph on men’s roles in society.
One group saw a graph with a steep upward line under the title "Rapidly increasing prevalence of stay-at-home dads.” The text below the graph read: “These numbers are projected to continue increasing at a similarly rapid rate over the next two decades.”
The other group saw a relatively flat-line graph that was titled, "Low prevalence of stay-at-home dads." The accompanying text said: “These numbers are projected to remain relatively low in the next two decades.”
After reviewing the information, the women were asked to envision their lives in 15 years.
One key question: Did they see themselves as the primary financial provider or the primary caregiver for their family?
“In both the U.S. and Canada, young women who saw the graph depicting a sharper increase in stay-at-home fathers were more likely to see themselves as breadwinners, while those who saw the flatter line were more likely to imagine themselves as caregivers,” according to a press release from UA.
The experiments were replicated with similar findings.
"This shows how dependent women's role choices can be on their expectations of their future male partners," said Alyssa Croft, an assistant professor in the UA Department of Psychology who led the study, which was published in October.
It sounds disturbingly as though these young women are willing to sublimate their ambitions because of their expectations about men.
Yet these college students “are the individuals who we would think might be most likely to balk at traditional gender stereotypes,” Croft said.
On the other hand, the young women in the study were probably raised by mothers who ran themselves ragged while trying to have it all. They may be reacting rationally to what Croft points out has been an “asymmetrical” change in gender roles.
Women continue to get paid less than men – even in high-prestige jobs.
The gender pay gap is painfully illustrated by the 2018 Partner Compensation Survey of lawyers by researchers at the law firm Major, Lindsey & Africa.
“Male partners’ average compensation outpaces that of female partners ($959,000 vs. $627,000),” they found.